Original Research

Multivariate analysis of coastal grasslands at Mkambati Game Reserve, north-eastern Pondoland, Transkei

C. M. Shackleton, J. E. Granger, B. Mckenzie, M. T. Mentis
Bothalia | Vol 21, No 1 | a869 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/abc.v21i1.869 | © 1991 C. M. Shackleton, J. E. Granger, B. Mckenzie, M. T. Mentis | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 October 1991 | Published: 22 September 1991

About the author(s)

C. M. Shackleton, Botany Dept, Univ. Transkei, Wits Rural Facility., South Africa
J. E. Granger, Botany Dept, Univ. Transkei. , Botany Dept, Univ. Natal., South Africa
B. Mckenzie, Botany Dept, Univ. Transkei, Botany Dept. Univ. Western Cape. P, South Africa
M. T. Mentis, Botany Dept. University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

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The grassland vegetation on the coast of north-eastern Pondoland was analysed after sampling of 113 quadrats in Mkambati Game Reserve. Data were summarised using TWINSPAN and DECORANA multivariate procedures. Several communities and subcommunities are recognized and described in relation to measured abiotic variables. A primary gradient from the shore inland is evident, corresponding with changes in altitude, soil conductivity, soil organic matter and soil texture. Time since the last fire influences the invasion of shrubland species.


classification; grasslands; ordination. Pondoland. Transkei


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