Original Research

The taxonomic value of epidermal characters in the leaf of Heteromorpha and some related genera (Apiaceae)

P. J. D. Winter, B-E. van Wyk
Bothalia | Vol 24, No 2 | a770 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/abc.v24i2.770 | © 1994 P. J. D. Winter, B-E. van Wyk | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 October 1994 | Published: 10 October 1994

About the author(s)

P. J. D. Winter, Department of Botany, Rand Afrikaans University, South Africa
B-E. van Wyk, Department of Botany, Rand Afrikaans University, South Africa

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Abstract

All 17 species of Heteromorpha Cham. & Schltdl. (sensu Humbert 1956), all three species of Polemannia Eckl. & Zeyh. and the monotypic Polemanniopsis B.L. Burtt were investigated for leaf epidermal characters. Stomatal type was anomocvtic. with an exception in only one Madagascar species, H. betsileensis. The distribution and density of stomata (on both leaf surfaces) are diagnostic for some species. The number, size and outline of normal epidermal cells are different in juvenile and adult leaves and these differences vary between species. Seven trichome types are recognized which, when combined with dispersion pattern, also serve to characterise the various species and forms.


Keywords

Apiaceae; epidermis; <i>Heteromorpha</i>; <i>Polemannia</i>; <i>Polemanniopsis</i>; stomata; taxonomy; trichomes; vestiture

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