Original Research

External fruit morphology of southern African Arundineae (Arundinoideae: Poaceae)

N. P. Barker
Bothalia | Vol 24, No 1 | a752 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/abc.v24i1.752 | © 1994 N. P. Barker | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 09 October 1994 | Published: 10 October 1994

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N. P. Barker, Botany Department, University of Cape Town, South Africa

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Abstract

Fruits of a number of taxa of all indigenous southern African arundinoid genera were examined by means of SEM. Size, shape, compression, surface sculpturing, embryo anti hilum features were recorded and fruits of all genera are illustrated. Results are compared to existing descriptions. The genera are placed in five informal groups according to similarities noted in the fruits.

Keywords

achene; Arundineae; Arundinoideae; caryopsis; embryo; external morphology; hilum; Poaceae; surface sculpturing; systematics

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