Original Research

Preliminary ethnobotanical studies of the Rwenzori Mountain forest area in Bundibugyo District, Uganda

H. Oryem-Origa, E. K. Z. Kakudidi, A. B. Katande, Z. R. Bukenya
Bothalia | Vol 25, No 1 | a720 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/abc.v25i1.720 | © 1995 H. Oryem-Origa, E. K. Z. Kakudidi, A. B. Katande, Z. R. Bukenya | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 09 October 1995 | Published: 09 October 1995

About the author(s)

H. Oryem-Origa, Botany Department. Makerere University, Uganda
E. K. Z. Kakudidi, Botany Department. Makerere University, Uganda
A. B. Katande, Botany Department. Makerere University. P, Uganda
Z. R. Bukenya, Botany Department. Makerere University, Uganda

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Abstract

Ethnobotanical studies of the Rwenzori Mountain forest area in Bundibugyo District in Uganda were carried out between May and December 1991, and covered the northern part of the Rwenzori Mountain slopes occupied by the Bakonjo people.

The presence of a major footpath through the forest with numerous utility trails radiating from it showed that some forest resources are being sought by the local population. Plant biodiversity is high, as is indicated by the fact that in a study plot of only 4 250 m , a total of 115 plant species, 101 genera and 57 families were identified from a collection of 300 plant specimens.

Seventy-seven plant species were found to be of some importance to the local communities. Out of the 77 useful plant species recorded:  22 species were used for medicinal purposes; 16 for firewood; 13 for construction, joinery and furniture;  12 for craftwork; 10 provided edible fruits and vegetables; and 27 were used for a variety of other purposes. These other purposes include construction of shrines, covering of granary floors, use as toilet paper, carry ing luggage, and fodder for goats, sheep and cattle. Arundinaria alpina K. Schum. (bamboo) is the species that is most extensively harvested from the forest.


Keywords

Bakonjo; Baamba; Bundibugyo; ethnobotany; plant uses; inventory. Rwenzori Mountain; transects; Uganda

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