Original Research

Two new species of Gladiolus (Iridaceae: Ixioideae) from South Africa and notes on long-proboscid fly pollination in the genus

J. C. Manning, P. Goldblatt, P. J. D. Winter
Bothalia | Vol 29, No 2 | a591 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/abc.v29i2.591 | © 1999 J. C. Manning, P. Goldblatt, P. J. D. Winter | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 30 September 1999 | Published: 01 October 1999

About the author(s)

J. C. Manning, National Botanical Institute, South Africa
P. Goldblatt, A Krukoff Curator of African Botany, Missouri Botanical Garden., United States
P. J. D. Winter, Herbarium, Department of Botany, University of the North, South Africa

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Abstract

Gladiolus rhodanthus is a new species known from a single population on the summit of the Stettynsberg near Villiersdorp in Western Cape. South Africa The species most closely resembles G. hirsutus and G caryophyllaceus but differs from both in flower shape and markings and in its ecology and reproductive biology. It forms part of a guild of long- tubed, pink-flowered species including  Erica praecox, Pelargonium radiatum and  Watsonia paucifolia which are pollinated by an undescribed long-proboscid fly. Moegistorhynchus sp nov. (Diptera : Nemestrinidae). Gladiolus sekukuniensis is a new species known from three populations south of the Strydpoortberge in Northern Province It closely resembles G. permeahilis subsp  edulis in vegetative features and in flower form, but differs from it in flower colour and in the elongate peri­anth tube. These floral features are apparently adaptations to pollination by long-proboscid flies.


Keywords

<i>Gladiolus</i> <i>rhodanthus</i>; <i>G. sekukuniensis</i>; lndaceae. <i>Moegistorhynchus</i> Nemestrinidae, new species, Northern Province, pollination. South Africa, taxonomy, Western Cape

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