Short Communication

Schoenefeldia transiens (Poaceae): Rare new record from the Limpopo Province, South Africa

Aluoneswi C. Mashau, Albie R. Götze
Bothalia | Vol 44, No 1 | a325 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/abc.v44i1.325 | © 2014 Aluoneswi C. Mashau, Albie R. Götze | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 August 2014 | Published: 08 December 2014

About the author(s)

Aluoneswi C. Mashau, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, South Africa
Albie R. Götze, Environment Research Consulting, Potchefstroom, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: Schoenefeldia is a genus of C4 grasses, consisting of two species in Africa, Madagascar and India. It is the only representative of the genus found in southern Africa, where it was previously only known from a few collections in the southern part of the Kruger National Park (Mpumalanga Province, South Africa), dating from the early 1980s.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to document a newly recorded population of Schoenefeldia transiens in an area that is exploited for coal mining.

Method: A specimen of S. transiens was collected between Musina and Pontdrift, about 30 km east of Mapungubwe National Park, in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. The specimen was identified at the National Herbarium (Pretoria).

Results: This is not only a new distribution record for the quarter degree grid (QDS: 2229BA), but is also the first record of this grass in the Limpopo Province. The population of S. transiens has already been fragmented and partially destroyed because of mining activities and is under serious threat of total destruction.

Conclusion: It is proposed that the population of S. transiens must be considered to be of conservation significance, and the population should be made a high priority in the overall environmental management programme of the mining company that owns the land.


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