Original Research

The Species of Arthrocnemum and Salicornia (Chenopodiaceae) in Southern Africa

H. R. Tölken
Bothalia | Vol 9, No 2 | a1598 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/abc.v9i2.1598 | © 1967 H. R. Tölken | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 18 November 1967 | Published: 18 November 1967

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H. R. Tölken,

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Abstract

In the genus  Arthrocnemum, ten species and three varieties are recognized. The new species and combinations are:  A. mossianumA . terminaleA. xerophilum, A. decumbensA. natalense var. affine (Moss)  (A. affine Moss), A. pillansii var. dunense (Moss)  {A. dimense Moss).  A. perenne var.  lignosum is a new record for South Africa. In Salicornia, of the three species dealt with, one is new:  S . uniflora. Two keys are provided for the identification of fertile and sterile material respectively. The anatomy is discussed. The presence or absence, and the type and shape of sclereids were found to have taxonomic significance. Twenty-four naturally occurring hybrids in the genus  Arthrocnemum and one in the genus  Salicornia are recognized on the basis of sterility and pollen irregularities.


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