Original Research

The phytogeography and ecology of Macrocoma (Orthotrichaceae, Musci) in Africa

Robert E. Magill, Dale H. Vitt
Bothalia | Vol 13, No 3/4 | a1352 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/abc.v13i3/4.1352 | © 1981 Robert E. Magill, Dale H. Vitt | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 November 1981 | Published: 10 November 1981

About the author(s)

Robert E. Magill, Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, South Africa
Dale H. Vitt, Department of Botany, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada

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Abstract

Of the 11 species presently recognized in the genus Macrocoma (Orthotrichaceae, Musci), four occur in Africa. These species are xeromorphic and occur in savannas, woodlands, and forests, roughly corresponding to the Afromontane Phytogeographic Region. Macrocoma tenue (Hook. & Grev.) Vitt subsp.  tenue is widespread in southern Africa, north to Ethiopia and also occurs in Australasia. Three species are endemic, with M. pulchella (Hornsch.) Vitt found only in the Cape area; M. abyssinica (C. Mull.) Vitt occurring in eastern Africa, and M. lycopodioides (Schwaegr.) Vitt distributed sporadically in eastern and southern South Africa.


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