Original Research

Uses of graminaceous plants as food by man in West Africa

M. S. Chuah
Bothalia | Vol 14, No 3/4 | a1220 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/abc.v14i3/4.1220 | © 1983 M. S. Chuah | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 03 November 1983 | Published: 06 November 1983

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Abstract

The family Gramineae, with over 7 000 species is the fifth largest family in the plant kingdom, and has over the years played a very important role in providing food for man in the form of cereals among which the most important and well-known examples are rice, wheat, maize and others.

The principal graminaceous plants in man’s diet in West Africa are rice (Oryza spp.); maize (Zea mays L.) and a variety of species belonging to the sorghums and millets (species of Pennisetum, Digitaria and Eleusine). Plants collected in times of famine include species of  Echinochloa, Panicum, Paspalum etc.


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