Clarification of the confusion surrounding the generic name Bryomorphe Harv. (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae), and the new genus Muscosomorphe J.C.Manning


  • John Manning Compton Herbarium, South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa; Research Centre for Plant Growth and Development, School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu- Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.
  • Rafael Govaerts Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond TW9 3AE, United Kingdom



Africa, classification;, illegitimate superfluous name, nomenclature, taxonomy.


The monotypic genus Bryomorphe Harv. is found to be homotypic with Klenzea lycopodioides Sch.Bip., which is considered to be a later synonym of Dolichothrix ericoides (Lam.) Hilliard & Burtt, and Bryomorphe is thus a synonym of Dolichothrix. The new genus Muscosomorphe J.C.Manning is proposed to accommodate the species previously included in Bryomorphe as B. aretioides (Turcz) Druce, along with the new combination M. aretioides (Turcz) J.C.Manning.


Download data is not yet available.


Bayer, R.J., Puttoch, C.F. & Kelchner, S.A., 2000, ‘Phylogeny of South African Gnaphalieae (Asteraceae) based on two noncoding chloroplast sequences’, American Journal of Botany 87: 259–272.

Bengston, A., Anderberg, A. & Karis, P., 2011, ‘Phylogeny and generic delimitation of the Metalasia clade (Asteraceae–Gnaphalieae)’, International Journal of Plant Sciences 172: 1067–1075,

Druce, G.C., 1917, Nomenclatural notes: chiefly African and Australian, Second Supplement to Botanical Society & Exchange Club of the British Isles, Report for 1916, vol 4: 601–653.

Harvey, W.H., 1863, Bryomorphe zeyheri, Thesaurus capensis 2: 33, Hodges & Smith, Dublin.

Harvey, W.H., 1894, Compositae, In Harvey, W.H. & Sonder, W., (eds), Flora capensis 3: 44–530, L. Reeve & Co., Kent.

Hilliard, O.M. & Burtt, B.L. 1981. Some generic concepts in Compositae–Gnaphalieae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 82: 181–232.

Karelin, G. & Kirilow, J., 1842, Generum plantarum novarum ex ordine compositarum, rossiae indigenorum IV, Bulletin de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou 15: 124–180.

Koekemoer, M., 2011, Bryomorphe and Dolichothrix (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae–Relhaniinae): taxonomy and nomenclature, Bothalia 41: 324–326,

Lamarck, J.P.B.A.P.M. de, 1789, Encylopédie méthodique. Botanique, vol. 3, Pancouke, Paris.

Levyns, M.R., 1942, Some changes in nomenclature III, Journal of South African Botany 8: 282–284.

Schultz Bipontinus, C.H., 1843, Compositae, In W.G. Walpers, Repertorium botanices systematicae 2: 973, Friderici Hofmeister, Leipzig.

Turczaninow, N.S., 1851, Synanthereae quaedum hucusque indescriptae, Bulletin de la Sociéte Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou 24: 59–95.

Turland, N.J., Wiersema, J.H., Barrie, F.R., Greuter, W., Hawksworth, D.L., Herendeen, P. S., Knapp, S., Kusber, W.-H., Li, D.-Z., Marhold, K., May, T.W., Mcneill, J., Monro, A.M., Prado, J., Price, M.J. & Smith, G.F. (eds.), 2018, International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Shenzhen Code) adopted by the Nineteenth International Botanical Congress Shenzhen, China, July 2017, Regnum Vegetabile 159, Koeltz Botanical Books, Glashütten.




How to Cite

Manning, J., & Govaerts, R. (2021). Clarification of the confusion surrounding the generic name Bryomorphe Harv. (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae), and the new genus Muscosomorphe J.C.Manning . Bothalia, African Biodiversity & Conservation, 51(2).