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Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe

E. Figueiredo, J. Paiva, T. Stévart, F. Oliveira, G. F. Smith

Bothalia; Vol 41, No 1 (2011), 41-82. doi: 10.4102/abc.v41i1.34

Submitted: 13 December 2011
Published:  13 December 2011


A catalogue of the flowering plants of the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe (Gulf of Guinea) is presented. Flowering plant diversity figures are updated to: 135 families (20 introduced), 624 genera (172 introduced), 1 104 species (301 introduced) plus 15 additional infraspecific taxa. At present 119 taxa (107 species and 12 infraspecific taxa) are known to be endemic to the two islands. The catalogue includes accepted names, synonyms used in recent literature, common names, voucher specimens and information on habit and habitat and on plant uses, particularly medicinally.

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Author affiliations

E. Figueiredo, Department of Botany, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa
J. Paiva, Centre for Functional Ecology, Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, Portugal
T. Stévart, Missouri Botanical Garden, Africa & Madagascar Department, St Louis, Missouri, United States
F. Oliveira, Herbário Nacional de São Tomé, Jardin Botânico de Bom Sucesso, Sao Tome and Principe
G. F. Smith, Schweickerdt Herbarium, Department of Botany, University of Pretoria, South Africa


Diversity; Flowering Plants; São Tomé And Príncipe


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ISSN: 0006-8241 (print) | ISSN: 2311-9284 (online)

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